Investigation of violations; and Appearance at immigration office
1 Investigation of Violations
Investigation by an immigration control officer of the violation is the first step of deportation procedures for foreign nationals. An immigration control officer conducts an investigation (investigation of violations as stipulated in Article 27 of the Immigration Control Act) of a foreign national who is believed to fall under one of the grounds for deportation as stipulated in Article 24 of the Act (hereinafter referred to as the "suspect").
2 Appearance at immigration office
- (1) "Appearance at immigration office" is similar to "surrender" in the criminal procedures. It means that foreign nationals that fall under the conditions as stated in Article 24 of the Immigration Control Act voluntarily appear at regional immigration bureau and declare their charges.
- (2) Foreign nationals voluntarily appear at regional immigration bureau and declare their charges in the following two cases: 1) .They intend to go back to their home nation as soon as possible by voluntarily declaring their charges; and 2) they intend to continue staying in Japan even though they declare their charges. If a foreign national wishes to go back his/her own nation as soon as possible, the immigration control authority will immediately deport the foreign national after the deportation procedures as long as the foreign national satisfies certain requirements (i.e., having passport and airline ticket). If an illegal foreign resident satisfies certain requirements, the immigration control authority will send the foreign national under the departure order system, rather than deportation.
- (3) If a foreign national wishes to stay in Japan for some reasons, the foreign national may declare why the foreign national wishes to do so in the process of the deportation procedures.
After investigation of violations, examination, Hearing, the Minister of Justice will make a decision if the foreign national may stay in Japan or not. If you wish to stay in Japan, you must submit a different set of documents, depending on the reason why you stay in Japan. For more information on the documents you must submit, please visit the nearest regional immigration bureau.